Figures of Speech by Type
Figures of speech can be grouped into different types. Scholars differ on how to group as well as how to define some figures of speech. The following types and definitions may be useful but they are not authoritative. Some figures of speech fall into more than one type. Figures of speech can be searched by type below, or they can also be searched alphabetically by name here.
Words or their meanings are arranged in a structured order or they are deliberately misplaced from the order that is expected.
Figures of substitution replace an expected word, gender, part of speech, sensory response, etc., with something unexpected.
Word play is the figurative category that Shakespeare and Groucho Marx shared. A pun is only the most widely known type of word play. There are several ways to play with words.