Figures of Speech by Type
Scholars group figures of speech into different types. There is no authoritative list. The following types may be helpful. They may change over time. Some figures of speech fall into more than one type. Some types overlap. Figures of speech can be searched below by type or here by name.
Words and or their meanings are arranged in a structured order or they are deliberately misplaced from the order that is expected.
Figures of substitution replace an expected word, gender, part of speech, sensory response, etc., with something unexpected.
Word play is the figurative category that Shakespeare and Groucho Marx shared most in common. A pun is only the most widely known type of word play. There are other ways to play with words.