Figures of Speech by Type
Scholars group figures of speech into different categories. There are no authoritative categories. The following may be helpful. Some figures of speech fall into more than one type. Some overlap. Figures of speech can be searched below by type. They can also be searched here by name.
Words or their meanings are arranged in a structured order or they are deliberately misplaced from the order that is expected.
Figures of substitution replace an expected word, gender, part of speech, sensory response, etc., with something unexpected.
Word play is the figurative category that Shakespeare and Groucho Marx shared. A pun is only the most widely known type of word play. There are several ways to play with words.